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UPLOADS


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françois-marc gagnon
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Apr 30, 2019 Annie Gérin
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  Françoise Sullivan: Life & Work  recounts the artist’s evolution as a practitioner and explores defining events and periods that shaped her practice; her encounter with Paul-Émile Borduas and the Automatistes; her dance studies in New York under the guidance of Franziska Boas; her marriage to painter Paterson Ewen; her training as a sculptor under Armand Vaillancourt; and the parallel career she led as an educator at Concordia University in Montreal. The book describes this...
Topics: Canadian Art, Modern Dance
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2019 Shirley Madill
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From his experience growing up on the Sandy Bay First Nation/Kaa-wii-kwe-tawang-kak in Manitoba to his studies, exhibitions, curatorial work, and residencies, Saulteaux artist Robert Houle has had a meaningful influence on the field of contemporary art and Indigenous culture. Houle’s resignation from his position as curator of contemporary Indian art at the National Museum of Man (now the Canadian Museum of History) in 1980, proved to be a significant marker in the artist’s career,...
Topic: First Nations Art
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2019 Samantha Burton
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One of the most important Impressionist artists in Canada, Helen McNicoll (1879–1915) achieved a great deal of international success in a career that lasted just over a decade. Born in Toronto and raised in Montreal, McNicoll trained at the Art Association of Montreal before moving to London, England, to pursue her passion. Deaf from the age of two, the artist travelled extensively across Europe and was well-regarded at home and abroad for her bright and sunny representations of rural...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2019 Michael Parke-Taylor
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Lionel LeMoine FitzGerald: Life & Work  tracks the development of the artist’s career from his youthful enthusiasm for the writings of Ruskin through formative influences derived from Impressionism and Post-Impressionist artists. The book chronicles FitzGerald’s mature style, from the late 1920s to early 1930s, which captured the quintessential Western Canadian look of land, sky, trees, and—most importantly—penetrating, intense light. Quiet in personality and passionate about art,...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2019 Darlene Coward Wright
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Oviloo Tunnillie: Life & Work  surveys the career of this important artist. It begins in 1966, with Tunnillie’s realistic human and animal carvings, continues through her transition to less traditional themes in the 1980s, and ends with her focus on the autobiographical in the 1990s, which included depictions of the trauma she experienced when she contracted tuberculosis as a child and was separated from her family to receive treatment at a Manitoba hospital. Renowned for her sculptures,...
Topic: Inuit Art
Community Texts
Apr 30, 2019 James King
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Best known as one of Canada’s first painters to exhibit abstract work in Canada, Bertram Brooker (1888–1955) was an advertising executive, critic, and self-taught artist.  Bertram Brooker: Life & Work  traces the career of a remarkable visionary ahead of his time, illuminating how the talented polymath led a new era of the arts in Canada.   After relocating to Toronto from Manitoba in 1921 to join the staff of  Marketing  magazine, Brooker became friends with members of the Group...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Andrew Kear
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Born and raised on the Prairies, William Kurelek (1927–1977) created meticulously crafted paintings that predominantly explore his Roman Catholic religion and his Ukrainian-Canadian cultural roots, confronting viewers with the stark challenges faced by immigrants. For Kurelek, style and technical skill were meaningless; he wanted to express emotions in an idiosyncratic and deeply personal manner. He developed a distinct approach to painting, using ballpoint pens and texturing with coloured...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Nancy G. Campbell
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In the tiny hamlet of Kinngait, Nunavut, Shuvinai Ashoona (b. 1961) is a pearl—an artist protected from the world at large, who relishes the daily routine and support of working at Kinngait Studios. She is the granddaughter of iconic Inuit artist Pitseolak Ashoona and the daughter of renowned sculptor Kiugak Ashoona. In the mid-1990s Shuvinai began producing detailed drawings that were made into lithographs, etchings, and stonecut prints. Her early works were primarily monochromatic...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Christine Boyanoski
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When Paraskeva Clark (1898–1986), an émigré from Russia via Paris, arrived in Toronto in 1931, the local art establishment was ready for a change. The dominant painting style—wilderness landscapes rooted in a nationalist ideology—was no longer adequate to express the social and political turmoil of the 1930s and 1940s.   Clark was among the first Canadian painters to address social issues in her work and to bring a European stylistic and political sensibility into the conservative...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 François-Marc Gagnon
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Louis Nicolas: Life & Work  reveals the story of the first-known artist to depict the land that would become Canada. Born in France, Louis Nicolas (1634–1682) trained as a Jesuit priest before arriving in New France in 1664, where he was sent to convert the Aboriginal peoples and where he stayed for eleven years.   During his stay Nicolas travelled from the western end of Lake Superior to Sept-Îles and from Trois-Rivières to the south of Lake Ontario. Fascinated by the wildlife and...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Joyce Zemans
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Born in Thurso, Scotland, Jock Macdonald (1897–1960) arrived in Vancouver in September 1926 and became head of design at the recently established Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts (now the Emily Carr University of Art + Design). Over the next three decades he was a trailblazer in Canadian art: He was the first painter to exhibit abstract art in Vancouver and he championed Canadian avant-garde artists at home and abroad. In addition to Macdonald’s practice as a painter, his...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 David P. Silcox
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Brilliant and prolific, Tom Thomson (1877–1917) laid the foundation for the Group of Seven and has become an icon of Canadian culture. In 1909 Thomson, an engraver and graphic designer, found himself in the company of a group of talented and ambitious artists in Toronto. Haphazardly and frenetically absorbing the artistic zeitgeist, Thomson emerged as a gifted and innovative painter. The artist’s tragic death at Canoe Lake only five years into his promising career remains a national...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Julia Skelly
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Prudence Heward (1896–1947) was “the very best painter we ever had in Canada and she never got the recognition she richly deserved in her lifetime,” according to A.Y. Jackson, a founding member of the Group of Seven. Celebrated for her portraits of provocative and defiant women, her expressionistic use of colour, and her sculptural forms, Heward gave new meaning to the depiction of female subjects in the 1920s and 1930s. After training at the Art Association of Montreal under the guidance...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Jaleen Grove
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Before his tragic death at age forty, Oscar Cahén (1916–1956) fled Nazi Germany and made his name as a celebrated magazine illustrator in North America. At twenty-four years old, Cahén fled with his family from Dresden to England, where he was detained as a possible German spy. After this daring escape from Germany, he migrated to Canada on a prison ship, along with over two thousand German-Jewish men declared enemy aliens. Despite the personal adversity he faced, Cahén soon shot to fame...
Topics: Canadian Art, Art History
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Carmen Robertson
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Anishinaabe artist Norval Morrisseau (1931–2007) is considered by many to be the Mishomis, or grandfather, of contemporary Indigenous art in Canada. The creator of the Woodland School of art and a prominent member of the Indian Group of Seven, Morrisseau is best known for using bright colours and portraying traditional stories, spiritual themes, and political messages in his work. Heralded as “the key figure at the centre of an indigenous art movement in Canada” by the National Chief of...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Michèle Grandbois
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Jean Paul Lemieux (1904–1990), painter, illustrator, critic, and teacher, is one of the most significant artists in the history of Canadian modernity. Born in Quebec City, Lemieux chose to pursue his artistic and teaching career in his native city, from where his art and thought radiated outward for more than half a century. Lemieux captured an inner world of solitude and memories that offered a highly personal, singular vision of Quebec.   As a critic Lemieux was one of the first to define...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 26, 2019 Sarah E. K. Smith
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“We wanted to be famous, glamourous and rich....” General Idea (active 1969–1994) came to embody and employ this maxim in their art. Like many of the group’s works, this statement was a cheeky reflection on the conventional public image of the artist as individual genius. Comprised of AA Bronson, Felix Partz, and Jorge Zontal, the group took on “a single point of view,” creating a unified, non-hierarchical entity.   General Idea: Life & Work  tracks how this artists’ group...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Arlene Gehmacher
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Né à Mallow, dans le comté de Cork en Irlande, Paul Kane (1810-1871) immigre au Canada, où il deviendra le premier et le seul artiste canadien à entreprendre un cycle de tableaux portant sur les peuples autochtones et leurs territoires, employant le médium du portrait à une époque précédant l’hégémonie de la photographie. Kane réalise ainsi un cycle de cent tableaux qui révèle la vitalité des cultures autochtones au pays.   Paul Kane. Sa vie et son œuvre  retrace la...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Christine Lalonde
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Pitseolak Ashoona (v. 1904-1983) a vécu durant une période charnière pour les Inuits de la région arctique canadienne, soit d’une ère pendant laquelle la vie se déroulait dans des campements de chasse semi-nomades à celle où les nouvelles à la radio ont signalé que deux hommes avaient foulé la lune. Trouvant sa voix grâce à l’art, Pitseolak a adopté le rôle d’historienne visuelle d’une société inuite en mutation. L’œuvre mondialement reconnu de Pitseolak a...
Topic: Inuit Art
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Lisa Baldissara
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Rares sont les artistes qui, comme Van Gogh, exercent autant d’influence avec le pinceau qu’avec la plume. Emily Carr (1871-1945) est l’un des premiers peintres canadiens d’envergure nationale issus de la côte Ouest. Elle persévère malgré ses échecs et le sentiment d’isolement et de rejet tant personnel que professionnel qu’elle éprouve. Profitant de ses nombreux voyages pour s’inspirer de l’art européen, américain et autochtone, elle suit des cours dans les académies...
Topic: Canadian Art
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Roald Nasgaard
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Yves Gaucher. Sa vie et son œuvre  nous montre comment cet artiste hors du commun apporte une foule d’innovations à la technique de la gravure, se méritant de nombreux prix internationaux. La découverte de l’œuvre musical d’Anton Webern l’inspire à chercher des équivalents visuels aux partitions du compositeur : des éléments de notation pure — lignes, carrés, traits — qu’il qualifie de « signaux ». Les estampes qui en résultent seront capitales dans sa transformation...
Topics: Canadian Art, Automatistes
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Johanne Sloan
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In the 1950s Canadian artists’ creation of an iconography celebrating the nation’s history was lagging behind. With  True Patriot Love , the first retrospective exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada dedicated to a living Canadian female artist, Joyce Wieland (1930–1998) set out to correct this situation with a new vision of the country’s symbolism that combined the environment, women’s issues, and art. “I think of Canada as female,” Wieland told the press before the...
Topics: Canadian Art, Experimental Film
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Gerta Moray
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Des années 1950 à 1980, Harold Town (1924-1990) se révèle comme une figure brillante de l’art canadien. Il contribue de façon importante au mouvement de l’expressionnisme abstrait au Canada en tant que membre fondateur du collectif Painters Eleven. Dans le domaine des arts graphiques, il obtient une reconnaissance internationale pour les estampes qu’il réalise dans les années 1950, et ce, alors que ses tableaux récoltent en même temps des prix records et vivifient la nouvelle...
Topics: Canadian Art, Painters Eleven, Toronto, Art History
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 François-Marc Gagnon
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An artistic anarchist and a rebellious theorist, Paul-Émile Borduas (1905–1960) sought a new freedom for visual expression, opposing the narrow nationalism of mid-twentieth-century Quebec. In 1938, while studying in Paris, Borduas was influenced by the “automatic painting” techniques of French writer and Surrealist André Breton and by Leonardo da Vinci’s suggestion that an artist can create without a preconceived idea. Returning to Montreal, Borduas began to engage his impulses,...
Topics: Canadian Art, Automatistes, Montréal
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Sarah Parsons
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Grâce à une combinaison exceptionnelle de ses talents de photographe et de publiciste, William Notman (1826-1891) est le premier photographe canadien à jouir d’une renommée internationale. Fuyant l’Écosse en 1856 à la suite d’accusations de fraude portées contre lui, Notman s’installe à Montréal avec sa famille et devient rapidement le photographe le plus en vue de la ville. Notman est un inventeur enthousiaste d’outils et de techniques pour sa photographie et conçoit, dans...
Topics: Canadian Art, Art History, Montréal, Early Photographic Studios
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Louise Vigneault
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Zacharie Vincent (1815–1886), known in the nineteenth century as “the last pure-blooded Huron,” decided to become a painter in the immediate aftermath of the defeat of French nationalists in the rebellion of Lower Canada in 1837. In his art, the painter from the Huron-Wendat village of Jeune-Lorette, about fifteen kilometres north of Quebec City in what is now the Wendake Reserve, adopted western pictorial techniques, such as perspective and drawing from photographs. Doing so allowed him...
Topics: First Nations Art, Art History, Zacharie Vincent
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Georgiana Uhlyarik
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Kathleen Munn (1887–1974) is recognized today as a pioneer of modern art in Canada, though she remained on the periphery of the Canadian art scene during her lifetime. Seeking inspiration beyond the conservative climate in Toronto, Munn travelled to New York and Europe in the 1920s, absorbing the lessons of the international modern art movements. Continual experimentation and refinement are at the core of her work, whether it was in her bold use of colour, advanced abstracts, or black ink and...
Topics: Canadian Art, Kathleen Munn
Community Texts
Apr 25, 2019 Mark A. Cheetham
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A painter with unsurpassed technical proficiency and a bold experimenter in film, Jack Chambers (1931–1978) created his art and lived his life with passion. Never shy about going after what he wanted, a young Chambers left London, Ontario, in 1953 and later arrived unannounced at the home of legendary artist Pablo Picasso. Charmed by this brazen Canadian, Picasso advised him to study in Barcelona. The artists Chambers met in Spain and the influence from the New Spanish Realists, as well as...
Topics: Canadian Art, Art History, CARFAC, London Regionalism
Community Texts
Apr 18, 2019 John G. Hatch
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Paterson Ewen (1925–2002) had the rare privilege of being involved with two seminal moments in Canadian art: the first with the Automatistes in Quebec, the second with the London, Ontario, art scene of the 1960s and early 1970s. The former directed Ewen away from landscape painting, the latter back to it. But Ewen’s treatment of landscape painting was far from traditional; it involved using large sheets of plywood that incorporated printmaking and sculpture. The result was a gouged, painted...
Topics: Paterson Ewen, Canadian Art
Community Texts
Mar 27, 2019
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Passionately and unapologetically Canadian, artist and activist Greg Curnoe (1936–1992) transformed his hometown of London, Ontario, into an important city for artistic production. Born in 1936, he strongly rejected the idea of moving to “the centre”—Toronto or New York—and spearheaded London Regionalism, a movement that focused on everyday life and turned away from the metropolitan mores of the 1960s and 1970s art scene.   Greg Curnoe: Life & Work  chronicles the artist’s...
Topics: Greg Curnoe, Canadian Art
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